【這邊的them是指代誰?以及so difficult to create them absent的句子結構要怎麼看?】

It seems foolish to refuse the offer of an expedient that is both so _____ success and so difficult to create them absent.


A. reminiscent of

B. lacking in

C. distinct from

D. indispensable to

E. inimical to


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我們先大致用common sense推測一下可能的語意。 應該可以大致推出 expedient (suitable or convenient for a particular occurrence大致有點像luck, or things that happen at the exact right moment)是成功不可或缺的一部分。


在這邊Absent 出現極為極為少見的用法:等同於介系詞『without』。 因此邏輯上我認為一個解釋得比較好的句子是:If expedient is absent, it will be difficult to create success。換句話來說,這邊語意也可以視同It seems foolish to refuse such luck! (為什麼會說foolish呢?)Well, because luck is super important for success. Without luck/expedient, it is difficult to create success.